What Are The Main Learning Strategies? (+7 Methods) | OptimistMinds (2023)

This post will be focused on explaining what the main learning strategies are. We will be explaining each strategy in detail while discussing various methods to improve learning for students. Since everyone learns in a unique manner, implementing only one style or strategy in a classroom will not be effective for the learning process. Making students understand their styles better ultimately leads to better learning.

What are the main learning strategies?

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The main learning strategies are explained in the list below. These strategies are based on the VARK model.

(Video) Study Skills & Evidence-Based Learning Strategies

Visual learning where students learn through visual processes

Students who use visual learning tend to absorb information through visual processes. This means they require visual aids to respond better to learning. These visual aids can be shapes, patterns, graphs, maps, diagrams, photos, videos, etc.

When students learn through visual processes, it is important for instructors to show them the relationship between different ideas visually. When this method is implemented, students tend to learn quicker and can apply principles in a better manner.

Auditory learning where they learn in auditory forms

In this strategy of learning, students take in information through the auditory form. It can be both while the concept or idea is heard or spoken. Many students who use auditory learning need to speak or explain the concept aloud to sort their thoughts. Saying things out loud helps these students learn the concepts in a better manner.

Students who use this learning style learn better when the instruction is through discussion, or lectures. It can also be videos where there is emphasis on the speech. They also find that they grasp the concept better when they repeat the lessons back to the educator or group activities that require explanation of ideas.

Reading or Writing where learning is through words

In this form of learning, students use words to learn a concept. They need to read or write about a certain topic in order to retain the information. These types of students do well in assignments that require a lot of writing. Thus, they require activities like quizzes, essays, analyzing and describing diagrams, etc.

Kinesthetic learning where concepts are learnt by actions

Kinesthetic learning is when students learn a concept by doing. They require more practical hands-on exposure in order to retain information. Using tactile stimulations and experiences, these students understand and apply the information better. These students need personal experiences or simulations to learn a certain concept and are more prone to experimenting.

Methods to improve learning in the classroom

Educators and instructors can use many different ways to enrich and improve the learning process in the classroom. The most effective ways are explained below.

Making learning fun by using gamification

In this method, video games are used to teach certain concepts. There are many games and applications that help in learning. Learning using this method makes the process fun and interactive for students.

Using collaborative learning for better teamwork

Collaborative learning requires a group to work together with a common aim. With different individuals bringing in different mindsets and perspectives, it allows a concept or topic to be seen from different angles. In this way, the process of learning is enriching as well as interactive.

(Video) 7 Evidence-Based Study Strategies (& How to Use Each)

Using visual tools to encourage visual learners

Using visual tools like flowcharts, diagrams, pie-charts, etc. can immensely help students in the learning process. The tools can also be video clips or movies, thus increasing the spectrum of learning.

Visualizing a concept to learn it

Visualization as a concept involves using our minds like a theatre to learn or experience something. It is a great and simple learning tool. In the process of visualization, all the senses, not just vision, are involved in learning a certain concept. This creates a better understanding of the topic while improving the information retention levels.

Asking for regular feedback after discussions

It is important to create an environment where honest feedback is encouraged. This not only improves learning but also checks the level of understanding in the classroom. Feedback can also be used to bring new learning strategies into the classroom for the betterment of the education process itself.

Using spaced repetition for better retention

If the focus is on knowledge retention, then spaced retention is a wonderful strategy. Using this method, content can be reinforced for both learning and applying a certain concept. This not only allows the students to grasp the information, but also retain the information more effectively.

Using auditory tools like songs and rhymes

This is particularly useful in younger students and can be strategized for learning new vocabulary. It can also improve pronunciations, grasping meanings and antonyms while constructing sentences. This method can also be used to teach core concepts and processes in the classroom.


This post focused on explaining what the main learning strategies are. We have also explained each strategy in detail while discussing various methods to improve learning for students in the classroom.

Frequently asked questions: (What are the main learning strategies?)

What are the most effective learning strategies?

Learning is different for everyone. It is essential that instructors know different strategies that can be implemented for different types of students in the classroom. Some of the most effective learning strategies are explained as follows.

Using imagery to teach concepts

In this strategy, students use their internal imagery to learn concepts. They use imagery to elaborate on the topic at hand and thus grasp the information stronger.

Asking students to summarize the learning

After being taught a certain concept, students can be asked to summarize or paraphrase it. Instead of the whole topic, important or key points can be summarized. This not only allows better knowledge retention but also reduces misunderstandings. The summarizing can be vocally or through a written form.

(Video) The Active Learning Method

Using elaborative interrogation to improve analytical skills

In this learning strategy, students answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions in relation to a specific topic. This allows students to look at concepts more deeply, thus allowing better retention.

Mock tests to improve information retrieval

Mock tests or practice tests are one of the most effective learning strategies to use in a classroom. In this strategy, questions are provided which students have to actively review and answer. Through this method, the information is more consolidated while memory is also strengthened. It also improves the understanding levels of students.

What do you mean by learning strategies?

Learning strategies are techniques that help students learn a certain concept in an optimal manner. They are also used for better knowledge retention, information retrieval and understanding. There are numerous learning strategies that instructors can choose from and use depending on factors like size of the class, intellectual capacity of the students, learning goals, etc.

Why is it important to have learning strategies?

By using learning strategies, students can understand concepts better. These strategies help to make the process of learning effective and more efficient. They can also help students focus on strengthening their positives and thus personal development as well.

What is the best learning style?

Among the four styles of learning, kinesthetic learning is known to be the most efficient of them all. These learners are more hands-on and thus more practical in their approach. They also are more prone to experimenting. However, these learners might not do well in a traditional learning environment and may need more resources to help them in their learning process.

How do you help students develop learning strategies?

For students to develop learning strategies, they need to be ready to focus and pay attention. Here are a few methods that you can use to improve the learning in a classroom.

Practice mindfulness to relax and focus

When students practice mindfulness, they can focus better. Mindfulness increases their levels of awareness and also allows them to regulate their emotions and energy levels. Since the students are not only relaxed but also focused, learning takes place in a better manner.

Creating a supportive environment

While instilling a supportive and helpful environment, instructors can improve the quality of learning that takes place in the classroom. When students know they are being supported and encouraged, they help each other in return. This creates a collaborative environment, making the process of learning fun and effective.

Using movement while teaching

Learning becomes more effective when physical movements are incorporated. This allows associations to grow in the brain while allowing more information to be retained. It also helps in information retrieval.

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Take sensory breaks when necessary

Sensory breaks allow students to destress and bring their emotions back to an optimal level. Sitting still and paying attention for long durations can make students cranky and fidgety, decreasing the quality of their learning. Sensory breaks allow them to regain lost concentration and can also be used as a relaxation technique.

Focusing on growing together

Getting the entire classroom focused on growing and developing together will create a positive environment for learning. This growth mindset itself can be implemented by using strategies like goal-setting, delegating tasks, creating a mission statement, writing a contract, etc.

When all the students are focused on growth, they help and support each other in the learning process. They also make the learning more meaningful and effective.

If you like this article, please post your comments or questions below.





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What are the 6 strategies of learning? ›

Specifically, six key learning strategies from cognitive research can be applied to education: spaced practice, interleaving, elaborative interrogation, concrete examples, dual coding, and retrieval practice.

What are the different learning strategies? ›

Six types of learning strategies
  • Active learning.
  • Mnemonic learning.
  • Text-visual combination.
  • Spaced learning.
  • Revision without books or notes.
  • Mixed study subjects.
4 Feb 2020

What are the 5 learning strategies? ›

  • The 5 Families – Teaching Strategies. Teaching Strategies are used to create learning environments and to assist students in reaching predetermined learning outcomes. ...
  • Experiential Learning. ...
  • Direct Instruction. ...
  • Indirect Instruction. ...
  • Interactive Instruction. ...
  • Independent Study.

What are 3 learning strategies? ›

Everyone processes and learns new information in different ways. There are three main cognitive learning styles: visual, auditory, and kinesthetic. The common characteristics of each learning style listed below can help you understand how you learn and what methods of learning best fits you.

What are the 7 area of learning? ›

The areas of learning are:
  • communication and language.
  • physical development.
  • personal, social and emotional development.
  • literacy.
  • mathematics.
  • understanding the world.
  • expressive arts and design.

What are the 7 domains of effective teaching? ›

These are all anchored on the seven domains that quality teachers should exhibit including: 1) Content Knowledge and Pedagogy; 2) Learning Environment; 3) Diversity of learners; 4) Curriculum and Planning; 5) Assessment and Reporting; 6) Community Linkages and Professional Engagement; and 7) Personal Growth and ...

What are the 7 literacy strategies? ›

The seven strategies of highly skilled readers include activating, summarizing, monitoring and clarifying, visualizing and organizing, searching and selecting, questioning, and inferring.

What are the seven 7 effective teaching strategies for the classroom be able to define each and show examples? ›

  • Visualization.
  • Cooperative learning.
  • Inquiry-based instruction.
  • Differentiation applied to teaching strategies.
  • Technology in the classroom for teaching strategies.
  • Behaviour management.
  • Professional development for teaching strategies.
23 Feb 2018

What are the 7 related principles of teaching and learning on teaching strategy? ›

Collectively, these principles employ the forces of activity, cooperation, diversity, expectations, interaction, and responsibility. A working knowledge of the seven principles is beneficial to administrators, teachers, and students alike.

What are 10 teaching methods? ›

List Of Teaching Methods
  • Teacher-Centered Instruction. ...
  • Small Group Instruction. ...
  • Student-Centered / Constructivist Approach. ...
  • Project-Based Learning. ...
  • Montessori. ...
  • Inquiry-Based Learning. ...
  • Flipped Classroom. ...
  • Cooperative Learning.

What are the 4 types of learning strategies? ›

Perhaps the most simple way of describing 'learning styles' is to say that they are different methods of learning or understanding new information, the way a person takes in, understand, expresses and remembers information. There are 4 predominant learning styles: Visual, Auditory, Read/Write, and Kinaesthetic.

What is the best learning strategy? ›

The most effective strategy according to Dunlosky's research is practice testing. It consists of studying and reviewing by answering questions and actively bringing information back to mind. When this is done, information is reconsolidated, new connections are created, and memory and understanding are strengthened.

What are the 9 teaching strategies? ›

  • Identifying Similarities and Differences. ...
  • Summarizing and Note Taking. ...
  • Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition. ...
  • Homework and Practice. ...
  • Nonlinguistic Representations. ...
  • Cooperative Learning. ...
  • Setting Objectives and Providing Feedback. ...
  • Generating and Testing Hypotheses.

What is the most effective learning method? ›

The Most Effective Learning Techniques

Spaced practice / distributed practice – learning that occurs over multiple sessions at different points in time (for example, revisiting a textbook chapter once every three days).

Why are the 7 areas of learning important? ›

Seven areas of learning and development replace the previous six areas, grouped into two categories – prime areas and specific areas. The prime areas are important because they lay the foundations for children's success in all other areas of learning and of life: Personal, Social and Emotional Development.

Are there 4 or 7 types of learners? ›

What are the four learning styles? The four core learning styles in the VARK model include visual, auditory, reading and writing, and kinesthetic. Here's an overview of all four learning style types.

What are the 8 learning areas? ›

Disciplinary knowledge, skills and understanding are described in the Prep to Year 10 Australian Curriculum learning areas. The learning areas include: English, Mathematics, Science, Health and Physical Education, Humanities and Social Sciences, The Arts, Technologies, Languages and Work Studies.

What are the 7 guiding principles of a responsive classroom? ›

In order to be successful in and out of school, students need to learn a set of social and emotional competencies—cooperation, assertiveness, responsibility, empathy, and self-control—and a set of academic competencies—academic mindset, perseverance, learning strategies, and academic behaviors.

What makes a great teacher the 7 key attributes? ›

Some qualities of a good teacher include skills in communication, listening, collaboration, adaptability, empathy and patience. Other characteristics of effective teaching include an engaging classroom presence, value in real-world learning, exchange of best practices and a lifelong love of learning.

What are the 7 elements of reading? ›

Let's dive in to the 7 Components of Reading Instruction:
  • 4 - PHONICS. ...
  • 5 - FLUENCY. ...
  • 6 - VOCABULARY. ...
11 Aug 2021

What are the 7 principles of assessment? ›

Principles of Assessment
  • Assessment will be valid. ...
  • Assessment will be reliable. ...
  • Assessment will be equitable. ...
  • Assessment will be explicit and transparent. ...
  • Assessment will support the student learning process. ...
  • Assessment will be efficient.
19 Oct 2022

What are the 7 principles of language? ›

  • Principles of Language Learning.
  • Automaticity.
  • Meaningful Learning.
  • Anticipation of Rewards.
  • Intrinsic Motivation.
  • Strategic Investment.

What are the 7 principles of development? ›

The 7 Principles
  • Principle 1: Equitable Use.
  • Principle 2: Flexibility in Use.
  • Principle 3: Simple and Intuitive Use.
  • Principle 4: Perceptible Information.
  • Principle 5: Tolerance for Error.
  • Principle 6: Low Physical Effort.
  • Principle 7: Size and Space for Approach and Use.

What are the seven learning competencies? ›

The seven skills are: • Collaboration • Communication • Creativity • Critical Thinking • Character • Citizenship • Computational Thinking If we believe our work as teachers is mainly to prepare students for successful futures, then we should give opportunities for students to strengthen these skills.

What are the 12 teaching skills? ›

12 Skills Teachers Require to be Effective in Teaching
  • Discipline Skills. ...
  • Classroom Management Skills. ...
  • Observation Skills. ...
  • Student Engagement Skills. ...
  • Strong Communication Skills with Students and Parents. ...
  • Teaching Skills. ...
  • Subject Matter Expertise. ...
  • Time Management Skills.
12 Feb 2018

What are the 21st teaching strategies? ›

We go over some of the main innovative approaches that educators have forged over the last few years and that every 21st century teacher should be acquainted with.
  • Flipped Classroom. ...
  • Project-Based Learning. ...
  • Cooperative Learning. ...
  • Gamification. ...
  • Problem-Based Learning. ...
  • Design Thinking. ...
  • Thinking-Based Learning.
9 May 2019

What is the most important learning strategy? ›

The most effective strategy according to Dunlosky's research is practice testing. It consists of studying and reviewing by answering questions and actively bringing information back to mind. When this is done, information is reconsolidated, new connections are created, and memory and understanding are strengthened.

Are there 4 or 7 learning styles? ›

It's generally accepted that there are seven different learning styles. While most of us fall across the spectrum of each of these styles, facilitating lessons that are engaging on all levels will give your students the best chance of success.


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