Six Professional Parts of a Formal Letter - INK (2022)

What are the parts of a formal letter?

What Is a Formal Letter?

A formal letter is a written communication between two or more people, usually one with authority and the other as a subordinate.

A formal letter seeks to obtain a response from the person or entity to which it is addressed. This type of letter is a business communication composed and written in a formal manner.

It conveys a serious tone for business environments. Everything from the punctuation to the font choice is meant to reflect a sense of professionalism.

Six Professional Parts of a Formal Letter - INK (1)

Understand the Six Parts of a Formal Letter

Writing a formal letter is necessary to get your point across from academics to business.

Anyone working in or entering the workplace should know proper formal letter etiquette because it is imperative for many industries. But what is a formal letter, and what exactly should you include in a formal letter?

We have broken down the six parts of a formal letter to share what they are and what they contain.


The heading should always include the sender’s identity and address. It is written on the top left-hand corner of the margin and should consist of the sender’s full name, title, address, and date.

Skip a line between your contact information and the date when drafting your letter heading. Simply write the date when the letter is written. The most commonly used format is like May 16, 2022. Always include all four digits of the year and do not abbreviate the month.

If the letter is printed on letterhead that includes the address, you don’t need to include a return address. Letterhead is a company logo that appears in the top center of business documents associated with a corporation, government agency, or other organization.

Recipient’s Address

This is the address where you should send your letter. Provide adequate information so that it reaches its destination without a problem. There should be an extra line between the date and the recipient’s address on the left margin. When a conventional envelope is folded into thirds, the address should be visible from the outside.

Make sure to include the name of the person you’re writing the formal letter to and have their name prefix. To ensure that they receive the letter, double-check the spelling of their name and address.


The salutation sets the professional tone of your letter. Based on the circumstances, different salutations or greetings are appropriate. If the person you’re writing the letter to is known to you, begin with the salutation “Dear” followed by their title and name.

For example, “Dear Mr. Smith.” When the recipient’s name is not known, you can use the greeting “To Whom It May Concern.” Use a colon, not a comma, when punctuating the salutation of a business letter. Leave a line after the greeting.


The body of a letter is the most extended section and is typically separated into an introduction, main content, and summation. The introductory first paragraph includes the states the purpose of the letter.

And the main content or the following paragraph delivers all relevant details and does not have any length restrictions. The final paragraph summarizes the information supplied, reaffirms the letter’s purpose, and either provides instructions or a request for follow-up correspondence.

Remember that the body of the letter should communicate your point clearly and professionally. You can either choose a block format or an indented format to set the alignment of the body. Regardless of the format, always leave a line between paragraphs. Maintain a professional tone with your language and punctuation, and be as brief as possible.

The Complimentary Close

The complimentary closing is usually a short word or phrase. It informs the reader that they have come to the conclusion of the letter.

Most business letters end with a “Sincerely” closing remark to maintain a professional tone. “Cordially,” “best wishes,” and “best regards” are among the others. The formality of the complimenting closure varies depending on the relationship between the sender and the recipient.

Align the closing to the left if you chose the block format for the body. However, when using an indented format, the first word of your closure should be centered.


The signature is usually typed after the sender’s name and title and aligned below the complimentary close when sending the letter through email.

When a letter is mailed or hand-delivered, there should be enough space below the closing and the typed name of the sender. This space is for the written signature of the sender.

To Wrap Up

A formal letter of instruction is an official request for help, assistance, or information. It can be addressed to anyone — a friend, a business associate, a colleague, or a customer.

It is typically formal in its language and presentation and includes six distinct sections. Formatting a letter to get the proper attention will help you communicate your point better to its recipient.

Frequently asked questions

Which of the following is not part of a professional letter?

Attention lines are not mandatory components of a business letter. Letters of business are formal letters that are responded to by organizations. There are several parts to it. The heading, address, salutation, message, closing, and signature are here.

How many parts are there in informal letter?

An informal letter usually consists of three paragraphs: introduction, body, and conclusion.

What are the 7 parts of a formal letter?

  • Recipient address
  • Greeting
  • Subject
  • Signature
  • Body
  • Complimentary close
  • Letter heading

    Which is not a component of formal letter?

    The Postscript is not part of a formal letter, but it can be used as a reference letter when necessary.

    What is formal and informal letter with example?

    A formal letter is written for business or professional use with a specific objective in mind. Language that can be easily understood and read is simple. It is not uncommon for informal letters to be written to friends and relatives, since they are written to communicate personal feelings.

    What is the body of a formal letter?

    This is the main text of the letter. If the letter is longer, it can be divided into three paras or two paras. The purpose of the letter should be stated in the first paragraph itself. Content should be formal in tone.

    How do you start a formal letter?

    You can begin most formal letters with the word Dear before the name of the person you are writing to. The first name and surname may be used, or the title and surnom may be selected. If you do not know the name of the person it is you are writing to, you must use ‘Dear Sir or Madam,’.

    What are the six parts of an informal letter?

    • Signature
    • Greeting/Salutation
    • Conclusion
    • Introduction
    • The Sender’s address
    • In the beginning of the letter.
    • Date

      What are the components of a professional letter?

      • Sender’s address. You may prefer to have printed company letterhead.
      • Salutation
      • Enclosures
      • Recipient’s address
      • Body
      • Closing/signature
      • Date. If the letter is received, it needs to know when it was written.

        How many parts of informal are there?

        Opening paragraphs are essential to a perfect informal letter. Body text. Closing.

        What are 5 features of a business letter?

        • This is an in-depth article. It clearly communicates its main points to the reader and suggests a follow-up action.
        • I am not sure what errors are contained.
        • It is brief
        • Languages used in this document are relatively formal.
        • It is polite

          What is formal letter format?

          In order to write a formal letter, you should include names, addresses, addresses of recipients, subject, salutation, body language, complimentary closing, and finally, the signature with name (in block letters) and designation.

          What are the 4 types of formal letter?

          • Recovery Letter
          • Promotion Letter
          • Letter of Complaint
          • Sales Letter
          • Message a complaint
          • Order Letter
          • Letter of Enquiry

            What are the 8 parts of a formal letter?

            • Recipient’s Address. Your letter can be sent to this address:.
            • Enclosures
            • The Signature Line
            • The Complimentary Close
            • The Heading. In the heading, a date is displayed on the return address.
            • The Salutation
            • The Body
            • Block

              What are the 5 parts of the letter?

              • The greeting. Commas always finish greetings.
              • The heading. This includes line-by-line information about the address and the date.
              • The complimentary close
              • The signature line
              • The body. Textual base.

                What are the features of formal letter?

                • Sender’s address
                • The address of the addressee.
                • Salutation
                • Indications or names of addresses.
                • Complimentary Close
                • Introduction, Content, and Conclusion.
                • Subject
                • Date

                  How many parts are in a business letter?

                  This letter contains six parts: the heading, the recipient’s address, the salutation, the message, the closing, and the signature. Opening will discuss the heading, recipient’s address, and salutation.

                  What are the 12 parts of a business letter?

                  • Reference
                  • The Inside Address
                  • Body Paragraphs
                  • Complimentary Close
                  • Date
                  • Heading of the letterhead.
                  • Greeting
                  • Subject

                    What are the types of letter?

                    Letter writing can be divided into two main types – formal letters and informal letters. Letters written for official purposes are written for informal purposes, while formal letters are written about anything you want to let your friends or family know.

                    How many parts are in a formal letter?

                    Typically, it is formal in its language and presentation, and includes six sections. You can better communicate your point with your recipients if you format a letter to get the right attention.

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