Common Mental Health Problems in School Children and How to Address Them | (2023)

It is a fact of life that children are sometimes going to break the rules. It’s also a fact that they’ll occasionally show an outburst of emotion or throw a tantrum in the middle of the grocery store. Childhood development is a trying time and children are often ill-equipped to understand or properly deal with the changes they’re going through.

But there is a point at which behavioral issues go beyond the point of being normal. If your child is becoming extremely withdrawn and avoiding social interaction, it might be something more. If your child is expressing angry or violent thoughts and behaviors, it might be something to worry about. Mental health is a difficult thing to gauge, but you can see the signs when your child exhibits behaviors that are abnormal for their personality or for other children of their age. It is your job as a parent to notice the change and to seek help.

In this article, we’ll explore the subject of mental health issues in school children. We’ll talk about the most common issues affecting children of school age and how parents and teachers can work together to identify those issues. We’ll also talk about what schools and parents can do to support these children.

This TEDx Talk discusses mental health in our schools.

How Common Are Mental Health Issues in Children?

According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), more than 19% of American adults experience mental illness each year – that’s roughly 1 in 5 adults. Mental health issues affect millions of people each year, though awareness is spreading, and more people are seeking help.

But what about those who don’t understand what’s happening to them? How can they get the help they need if they don’t know to ask for it?

Mental health issues in children can be difficult for parents to identify. Not only do many parents not know the signs of mental illness, but changes in behavior are normal in growing children. It’s difficult to say whether certain changes should be attributed to normal growth and development or whether they might be early signs of a growing problem. What’s more, the stigma against mental health leads many parents to ignore the early signs of mental illness if they do, in fact, notice them.

According to the Association for Children’s Mental Health (ACMH), 1 in 5 children and youth have some kind of diagnosable emotional, behavioral, or mental health disorder. Furthermore, 1 in 10 adolescents has a mental health issue serious enough to impair their function at home or in school.

In many cases, when a child struggles at school, mental health is not the first potential cause to be investigated. It is easier to blame the child’s home life, socioeconomic status, or even the child’s ability to learn for academic issues rather than recognizing that something deeper may be going on – instead of recognizing that the child might be in need of support.

(Video) We All Have Mental Health

This video offers some steps to a mental health framework in our schools.

What Are the Top Children’s Mental Health Concerns?

Children can be affected by the same mental health issues as adults, though they typically express them in different ways. For example, an adult with depression may have trouble concentrating or enjoying activities they once enjoyed. In children with depression, irritability is a more common symptom than sadness. Children are also more likely to display behavioral changes as a manifestation of mental issues. For many children, these come out in the form of behavioral issues like oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), conduct disorder (CD), or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

Some of the most common mental health issues affecting school children are:

  • Anxiety Disorder
  • Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
  • Eating Disorders
  • Mood Disorders

Anxiety disorders take many forms. In children, some of the most common kinds are obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, social phobias, and generalized anxiety disorder. Some amount of worry is normal for any person to experience, child or adult, but when it makes it difficult for the child to function in school or in social interactions, it could be something more serious.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that manifests with a wide variety of symptoms. Many people assume that difficulty concentrating is the primary symptom, but that is not necessarily the case. ADHD affects the child’s ability to process their own emotions and to recognize other people’s emotions and needs. This often takes the form of impatience and fidgetiness but may also involve trouble following instructions and frequent daydreaming.

Another mental health issue that is difficult to identify and understand is anautism spectrum disorder. It is a developmental disorder that affects the child’s communication and behavior. It typically manifests in the first three years of life and is called a “spectrum” disorder because symptoms vary greatly in type and severity. Every child with ASD is different, but many children with the disorder have difficulty communicating and interacting with other people which can be a challenge at school.

In addition to mental health issues that have a neurological foundation, there are also some mental health disorders that can develop over time from the child’s situation or environment.

Eating disorders and mood disorders can affect children of all ages and are often brought about initially by stress or trauma. Children have difficulty identifying and dealing with their emotions, at times, so they sometimes develop unhealthy coping mechanisms. Eating disorders like anorexia, bulimia, and binge-eating disorder can become life-threatening and mood disorders can lead to dangerous and even suicidal thoughts.

(Video) School-Link: Caring for the mental health needs of children and young people

What Behavior is “Normal” for Growing Children?

As a parent, you can’t be expected to understand everything your child does. You should, however, know your child well enough to notice when something changes. You may not know why your child is exhibiting a change in behavior, but if you notice something, bring it to your pediatrician’s attention. In addition to noticing changes in your child’s behavior, it also helps to know what is and isn’t normal for his or her age group.

Here is a quick overview of normal behavior in children of different ages:

  • Preschool (4 to 5 years) – Children at this age start to seek their independence and learn how to say “no.” They may throw the occasional tantrum but should begin to gain control over their emotions and impulses. There may be minor outbursts of aggression but should be learning how to use their words. Time-out is an effective discipline technique at this age.
  • Grade School (6 to 9 years) – Children at this age start to take on more responsibility and start to want more freedom (often more than they can handle). They require guidance to complete chores and homework but will begin to solve problems on their own. They’ll start to experience more complex emotions like frustration and anxiety and may lack verbal impulse control. Positive reinforcement-style discipline is effective at this age.
  • Tweens (10 to 12 years) – At this age, children want even more independence and often become mildly oppositional and argumentative toward parents. They may lack the ability to see the long-term consequences of their behavior and may struggle with social skills.
  • Teens (13 and over) – Children at this age like to think they are adults but will still struggle with making healthy decisions. Teens go through a variety of phases as they struggle to find themselves as individuals and may change social groups often. Minor rebellion is normal but teens should have improved self-discipline when it comes to doing chores and homework.

As you can see (and have probably already experienced), your child’s behavior can be expected to change over time. Once your child hits a certain age, however, they’ll be spending more time in school and you may not notice the changes as quickly. Read on to learn how to know if your child is hiding problems at school.

Is Your Child Hiding Problems at School?

Every child experiences ups and downs at school. Changing classrooms, learning difficult material, and going through developmental changes are all sources of stress that can affect your child’s behavior at school as well as his mental health. Through all of these changes, it is the parent’s responsibility to keep an eye out for warning signs that your child is struggling more than is normal.

Here are some of the most common signs of mental illness in children:

  • Changes in mood (ex: feelings of sadness, withdrawal, or mood swings).
  • Intense emotions (ex: overwhelming fear, angry outbursts, extreme anxiety).
  • Changes in behavior (ex: out of control behavior, frequent fighting, using weapons).
  • Difficulty concentrating decreased performance in school.
  • Unexplained weight loss or changes in appetite.
  • Physical symptoms such as frequent headaches or stomachaches.
  • Self-injury or self-harm, such as cutting or burning and attempted suicide.
  • Substance abuse, using or abusing drugs and alcohol.

Unfortunately, these signs are not always easy to identify. In fact, your child could hide some of these symptoms from you if they are worried or ashamed. It is then your job to read between the lines and to see what is really happening.

Here are some hidden signs that your child made be struggling at school:

  • Making excuses not to go to school such as faking being sick.
  • Skipping school or cutting classes without your knowledge.
  • Losing interest in school and in extracurricular activities.
  • Developing low self-esteem, comparing self to other children.
  • Frequently getting detention or being disciplined at school.
  • Refusing to do homework and/or getting poor grades in school.

If you notice your child displaying any of the obvious signs of mental illness or the hidden signs of school problems, don’t ignore it. Failing to acknowledge your child’s struggle can make matters worse – if the parent doesn’t acknowledge the problem, the child may end up feeling like it isn’t real, or it doesn’t matter. Your child’s mental health is fragile and worth protecting.

(Video) Supporting students’ mental health through everyday interactions in school settings seminar

What Can Schools Do to Support Students’ Mental Health?

Failing to notice or address issues at school means that your child’s mental and behavioral issues could get worse. More importantly, it leaves your child to deal with those issues alone.

Issues in school can lead to a variety of additional problems for children. For one thing, children with school problems have an increased risk of dropping out. Avoiding school or cutting classes in the short term due to school issues can have long-term repercussions. Your child could fall behind in school and, if their mental and behavioral health issues persist, they may have trouble getting back on track in the future. Worse, they might be labeled a troublemaker and be disregarded entirely.

So, what can schools do to support the mental health of their students?

For many students who have issues with behavior, mental health, or learning ability, the best solution is to develop an individualized education program (IEP) or a 504 plan.

Technically speaking, an IEP is a legal document that lays out the details of a special education program involving instruction, support, and other services a child needs to succeed in school. In reality, however, an IEP is more than just a written document – it’s a roadmap for teachers and other school staff to help them provide for the child’s unique needs. IEPs are a common part of public education.

If your child does not require special education to provide for his unique needs, a 504 plan might be more applicable.

These plans are developed for children who can do well in a standard classroom but need special supports or services to be able to learn in that environment. Some of the provisions your child might receive with a 504 plan include extended time on tests, the ability to leave the classroom to take short breaks, or classes to learn coping mechanisms or study skills.

Whether your child receives an IEP, a 504 plan, or neither, it is your job as a parent to provide support at home. Ideally, you’ll be able to work with your child’s teachers and other school staff to make sure your child’s needs are met while he is at school, but it is your job to provide support at home.

How Can You Support Your Child’s Mental Health at Home?

(Video) Teen Health: Mental Health

As a parent, you want what’s best for your child. Unfortunately, it can sometimes be difficult to tell what that is, especially when your child isn’t forthcoming about problems they’re experiencing. Add to that the fact that your child spends a majority of time at school where you can’t observe him, and you can see how mental health issues frequently fall to the wayside.

What can you do as a parent to support your child’s mental health at home?

The first step in getting your child the help they need is diagnosing the problem. Talk to your pediatrician and provide as much information as you can about your child’s behavior, mood, and problems in school. If you haven’t experienced things first-hand, get a detailed report from your child’s teacher or other school staff to help your pediatrician get an accurate picture of the problem.

Once your child has been diagnosed with a mental or behavioral health issue, it is important to develop a plan for treatment. Treatment doesn’t always (and in many cases shouldn’t) involve medication. For children, it often involves supportive therapies to help children cope with the challenges they are experiencing. You and your pediatrician will work together to decide what is best for your child.

Here are some of the most effective treatment options for children with mental health issues:

  • Psychotherapy – Also known as talk therapy, psychotherapy is one of the most effective forms of treatment for mental health issues in general, not just for children. The goal is to teach your child how to understand their mental challenges and to teach them helpful ways of dealing with those challenges. Even if you don’t directly participate in your child’s sessions, your child’s therapist will want to work with you to make sure your child is getting what they need.
  • Medication – Medication is not the preferred first option for the treatment of mental health disorders in children, but it is warranted in some cases. Depending on what your child is struggling with, your pediatrician may prescribe antidepressants, stimulants, mood stabilizers, or something else. It is your job to make sure your child takes the medications in the proper dose at the proper times, though you should also teach your child how to manage the medication.
  • Family Counseling – Even though your child is the one dealing with mental health challenges, it can have an impact on the entire family. Family counseling can help you learn what is going on with your child and how you can help. It is also a great way to learn what not to do – things that could set your child back or keep him from getting the support he needs.
  • Support for Parents – Being a parent means putting your child’s needs before your own, but you can’t give your child everything he needs if you don’t have to support yourself. Support groups and various resources are available to help you relieve stress, seek individualized help, and learn new strategies for helping your child with their mental health issues.

The next most important thing you can do is build and maintain a strong relationship with your child’s teachers and with the school.

If your child has been diagnosed with a mental or behavioral health issue, bring it to the school’s attention and make sure they are involved in your treatment plan. If your child requires special care or attention at school, work with the school to make sure they get what they need. If the school refuses to work with you or isn’t able to offer anything in the way of assistance, it might be time to look for another school that better suits your child’s needs.

By bringing your pediatrician and your child’s teachers together, you can create a comprehensive support system for your child. It is your job to maintain those connections and to facilitate the treatment plan. Though the road may be difficult, your child depends on you for love and support so do everything you can to give your child what they need to succeed and grow.

Questions? Contact us on Facebook. @publicschoolreview


What is the most common mental illness in schools? ›

About Children's Mental Health

Among the more common mental disorders that can be diagnosed in childhood are ADHD, anxiety, and behavior disorders, such as ODD.

What are 3 of the most common mental disorders in children? ›

ADHD, anxiety problems, behavior problems, and depression are the most commonly diagnosed mental disorders in children.

What are coping mechanism of students in mental health? ›

The most beneficial coping strategies for mental health were ranked by college students as follows: (1) a skills training development program (30%), (2) meditation (19%), and (3) mindfulness exercises (15%), and physical education (11%).

What are the treatment and coping strategies of mental disorder? ›

Some common self-help suggestions people receive are to exercise, meditate and be more present, which are helpful and work for many people. However, other proven methods aren't mentioned as often. Many of them are quick and simple techniques that can easily be added to daily routines.

How do you address mental health in schools? ›

Consider the following actions:
  1. Educate staff, parents, and students on symptoms of and help for mental health problems.
  2. Promote social and emotional competency and build resilience.
  3. Help ensure a positive, safe school environment.
  4. Teach and reinforce positive behaviors and decision-making.
  5. Encourage helping others.
6 Apr 2022

What is the most common mental health problem in children? ›

What mental health problems commonly occur in children? Depression affects more children and young people today than in the last few decades. Teenagers are more likely to experience depression than young children. Self-harm is a very common problem among young people.

What are the top 5 most common mental disorders? ›

Below are the five most common mental health disorders in America and their related symptoms:
  • Anxiety Disorders. The most common category of mental health disorders in America impacts approximately 40 million adults 18 and older. ...
  • Mood Disorders. ...
  • Psychotic Disorders. ...
  • Dementia. ...
  • Eating disorders.
30 Jan 2020

What are the main causes of mental health issues in children? ›

Causes of mental health issues in children Information and advice on the causes of mental health issues in children
  • having a long-term illness.
  • moving home and/or changing school.
  • being bullied.
  • witnessing domestic violence.
  • being abused.
  • parents separating or divorcing.
  • someone close to them dying.

How a teacher can help in maintaining mental health of children? ›

Teachers can be positive role models for their students. Children will look at you and learn from the skills you use daily to deal with stressful situations. Be calm, honest, and caring, and demonstrate a positive attitude to children.

What are 5 good coping strategies? ›

What are some common coping strategies?
  • Lower your expectations.
  • Ask others to help or assist you.
  • Take responsibility for the situation.
  • Engage in problem solving.
  • Maintain emotionally supportive relationships.
  • Maintain emotional composure or, alternatively, expressing distressing emotions.
24 Nov 2020

What are 5 coping strategies? ›

There are many different conceptualizations of coping strategies, but the five general types of coping strategies are problem-focused coping, emotion-focused coping, social support, religious coping, and meaning making.

What are 5 strategies to improve mental health? ›

5 steps to mental wellbeing
  • Connect with other people. Good relationships are important for your mental wellbeing. ...
  • Be physically active. Being active is not only great for your physical health and fitness. ...
  • Learn new skills. ...
  • Give to others. ...
  • Pay attention to the present moment (mindfulness)

What is the best solution for mental health? ›

10 tips to boost your mental health
  • Make social connection — especially face-to-face — a priority. ...
  • Stay active. ...
  • Talk to someone. ...
  • Appeal to your senses. ...
  • Take up a relaxation practice. ...
  • Make leisure and contemplation a priority. ...
  • Eat a brain-healthy diet to support strong mental health. ...
  • Don't skimp on sleep.
4 Oct 2018

How do you address mental illness in children? ›

Common treatment options for children who have mental health conditions include: Psychotherapy. Psychotherapy is also known as talk therapy or behavior therapy. Psychotherapy is a way to address mental health concerns by talking with a psychologist or other mental health professional.

Why is it important to address mental health in schools? ›

Studies have shown the value of developing comprehensive school mental health programs in helping students achieve academically and have access to experiences that build social skills, leadership, self-awareness, and caring connections to adults in their school and community.

What schools could do to improve mental health for students? ›

Interact with the home regarding student learning issues. Collaborate with families in the design of school improvement and learning initiatives. Adopt policy to ensure collaboration with community and government organizations. Offer opportunities for participation in school-community action groups or committees.

What causes mental health problems in school? ›

Stress factors at school—such as unempathetic and unsupportive teacher-student relationships and a poor classroom or school climate—increase the risk for children and adolescents of developing mental health problems.

What are common mental health problems seen in students? ›

The most common disorder is ADHD, followed by anxiety, depression and conduct disorder. The number of contacts to Kids Helpline increased during the COVID-19 pandemic. The majority of these contacts were about mental health and emotional well-being.

What are common examples of mental problems? ›

Many people also experience stigma, discrimination and violations of human rights.
  • Anxiety Disorders. ...
  • Depression. ...
  • Bipolar Disorder. ...
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) ...
  • Schizophrenia. ...
  • Eating Disorders. ...
  • Disruptive behaviour and dissocial disorders. ...
  • Neurodevelopmental disorders.
8 Jun 2022

What are 10 mental health problems? ›

Types of mental health problems
  • Anger. Explains what anger is, and how to deal with it in a constructive and healthy way.
  • Anxiety and panic attacks. ...
  • Bipolar disorder. ...
  • Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) ...
  • Borderline personality disorder (BPD) ...
  • Depression. ...
  • Dissociation and dissociative disorders. ...
  • Eating problems.

What are the 12 steps to positive mental health? ›

They include:
  • keeping physically active.
  • eating well.
  • drinking in moderation.
  • valuing yourself and others.
  • talking about your feelings.
  • keeping in touch with friends and loved ones.
  • caring for others.
  • getting involved and making a contribution.
10 Nov 2008

What are the 7 common types of mental disorders? ›

What Are the 7 types of Mental Disorders?
  • Anxiety Disorders.
  • Mood Disorders.
  • Psychotic Disorders.
  • Eating Disorders.
  • Personality Disorders.
  • Dementia.
  • Autism.
6 Apr 2021

How can we prevent mental illness in children? ›

Ensure that child care providers are prepared to promote and support healthy social and emotional development. Integrate mental health prevention strategies into other programs that serve young children and their families. Implement early child care mental health consultation and other promotion/prevention models.

What are the causes of mental stress in children? ›

Stress in childhood
  • Worrying about schoolwork or grades.
  • Juggling responsibilities, such as school and work or sports.
  • Problems with friends, bullying, or peer group pressures.
  • Changing schools, moving, or dealing with housing problems or homelessness.
  • Having negative thoughts about themselves.
7 Jun 2022

What are the two most common mental health problems amongst children and youth? ›

Mental health disorders

Some of the most common disorders among children and youth include: anxiety. attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) — also known as attention deficit disorder (ADD)

What are the three A's of coping? ›

In this decision-making process, it is helpful to approach the situation from the perspective of the three "A's" --- alter, avoid, and accept. Look at each stress-producing situation and ask, "Can I alter this situation, can I avoid it, or must I accept it?"

How can I help my child with stress and anxiety? ›

Stress management for kids and teens
  1. Sleep well. Sleep is essential for physical and emotional well-being. ...
  2. Exercise. Physical activity is an essential stress reliever for people of all ages. ...
  3. Talk it out. ...
  4. Make time for fun—and quiet. ...
  5. Get outside. ...
  6. Write about it. ...
  7. Learn mindfulness.
24 Oct 2019

What are 10 coping skills? ›

Top 10 Coping Skills
  • Deep Breathing. Often when faced with a stressful situation or feeling, our breathing changes. ...
  • Writing. Writing can be an effective means of working through stress. ...
  • Physical Activity. ...
  • Self-Talk. ...
  • Art. ...
  • Meditation. ...
  • Puzzles. ...
  • Music.
22 Oct 2019

How do you handle stressful situations? ›

Healthy Ways to Cope with Stress
  1. Take breaks from watching, reading, or listening to news stories, including those on social media. ...
  2. Take care of yourself. ...
  3. Take care of your body. ...
  4. Make time to unwind. ...
  5. Talk to others. ...
  6. Connect with your community- or faith-based organizations.
  7. Avoid drugs and alcohol.

Why is addressing mental health issues important? ›

It affects how we think, feel, and act. It also helps determine how we handle stress, relate to others, and make healthy choices. Mental health is important at every stage of life, from childhood and adolescence through adulthood.

What activities improves mental health? ›

Fun activities to help improve your mood
  • Soaking in the bathtub.
  • Planning your career.
  • Collecting things, such as coins and shells.
  • Going for a holiday.
  • Recycling old items.
  • Relaxing.
  • Going on a date.
  • Going to a movie.

What are 3 strategies for improving mental & emotional health? ›

  • Being physically active. Exercise can reduce feelings of stress and depression and improve your mood.
  • Getting enough sleep. Sleep affects your mood. ...
  • Healthy eating. Good nutrition will help you feel better physically but could also improve your mood and decrease anxiety and stress.
5 May 2020

What are 3 ways you can help others with mental health? ›

There are some general strategies that you can use to help:
  • Listen without making judgements and concentrate on their needs at that moment.
  • Ask them what would help them.
  • Reassure and signpost to practical information or resources.
  • Avoid confrontation.
  • Ask if there is someone they would like you to contact.

What are 6 ways to maintain good mental health? ›

6 ways to take care of your mental health and well-being this World Mental Health Day
  • Talk to someone you trust. ...
  • Look after your physical health. ...
  • Do activities that you enjoy. ...
  • Steer away from harmful substances. ...
  • Take two minutes to focus on the world around you. ...
  • Seek professional help.
7 Oct 2021

What are the 6 most common treatment methods for a mental disorder? ›

Most mental health practitioners practice one of six types of psychotherapy:
  • Behavioral therapy.
  • Cognitive therapy.
  • Interpersonal therapy.
  • Psychoanalysis.
  • Psychodynamic psychotherapy.
  • Supportive psychotherapy.

What are the common mental illness of students? ›

Depression. Depression is the most commonly diagnosed mental health problem among students. Depression is a low mood that lasts for a long time, and affects your everyday life.

What is the number 1 mental illness? ›

Depression. Impacting an estimated 300 million people, depression is the most-common mental disorder and generally affects women more often than men.

What are the top 3 most common mental illnesses? ›

3 Most Common Mental Health Disorders in America
  • Anxiety disorders. ...
  • Major depressive disorder. ...
  • Bipolar disorder. ...
  • Access Community Health Network (ACCESS)
18 Nov 2021

What's the 5 top mental health disorders? ›

The five most common mental health disorders include depression, anxiety, eating disorders, substance abuse and attention deficit disorder ADD/ADHD. Millions of people suffer from these disorders in the United States and around the world.

How does mental health affect children in school? ›

Mental health problems can affect a student's energy level, concentration, dependability, mental ability, and optimism, hindering performance. Research suggests that depression is associated with lower grade point averages, and that co-occurring depression and anxiety can increase this association.

What are the 7 main mental disorders? ›

What Are the 7 types of Mental Disorders?
  • Anxiety Disorders.
  • Mood Disorders.
  • Psychotic Disorders.
  • Eating Disorders.
  • Personality Disorders.
  • Dementia.
  • Autism.
6 Apr 2021

What are the 5 signs of mental illness? ›

Examples of signs and symptoms include:
  • Feeling sad or down.
  • Confused thinking or reduced ability to concentrate.
  • Excessive fears or worries, or extreme feelings of guilt.
  • Extreme mood changes of highs and lows.
  • Withdrawal from friends and activities.
  • Significant tiredness, low energy or problems sleeping.
8 Jun 2019

What are the 10 most common mental disorders? ›

This article examines ten of the most common mental illnesses among American adults.
  • Depression. ...
  • Dissociative Disorders. ...
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) ...
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. ...
  • Schizophrenia. ...
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. ...
  • Eating Disorders. ...
  • Addiction & Substance Abuse.
7 Jan 2022

What are the 4 most common types of mental illness? ›

mood disorders (such as depression or bipolar disorder) anxiety disorders. personality disorders. psychotic disorders (such as schizophrenia)

What are the 12 major psychological disorders? ›

This page lists some of the more common mental health issues and mental illnesses.
  • Anxiety disorders. ...
  • Behavioural and emotional disorders in children. ...
  • Bipolar affective disorder. ...
  • Depression. ...
  • Dissociation and dissociative disorders. ...
  • Eating disorders. ...
  • Obsessive compulsive disorder. ...
  • Paranoia.

What is the difference between mental illness and mental disorder? ›

A mental disorder shares the same qualities as a mental illness but is used in reference to the Mental Health Act to describe the particular symptoms a person has.


1. Early Warning signs for children with Mental Illness
(Northwell Health)
2. Mental Health: In Our Own Words
(Mind, the mental health charity)
3. Back-to-school: Children's mental health
(FOX54 News Huntsville)
4. Childhood Trauma and the Brain | UK Trauma Council
(Anna Freud NCCF)
5. Teens Tell Parents How To Approach Mental Health Issues | TODAY
6. Mental Illness Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment | Merck Manual Consumer Version
(Merck Manuals)
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